MEASURING PUSH, PULL AND PERSONAL FACTORS AFFECTING TURNOVER INTENTION: A CASE OF UNIVERSITY TEACHERS IN PAKISTAN

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By: Iqtidar ALI SHAH, Zainab FAKHR, M. Shakil AHMAD, Khalid ZAMAN
JEL: J63
Keywords: Turnover, Higher Education Institution, Job Quit, Personal Factors, Push Factors, Pull Factors

It has been observed that professional and qualified teacher’s retention become a challenge for Higher Education Institutions (HEIs) in Pakistan as the turnover rate has been significantly increased in recent
years. The main objective of this paper is to access personal, push and pull factors and to find out that which factors contribute more to turnover intention. Primary data were collected from 100 teachers of 5 HEIs using questionnaire methods. The results indicate that all factors (personal, pull and push) have contributed in the employees’ turnover intentions. However, some facets of personal factor have significantly contributed in turnover intentions.